Article by Frank Rodriguez
Meditation is the process by which you can go beyond the conventional mind to a deeper and tranquil state and self awareness. Meditation inculcates the art of reigning in your mind and shifts it from multiple distractions to a point of singular focus. Meditation is one of the paths to be one with God and attain the ultimate spirituality with enlightenment. Buddhism highly specializes in meditation techniques. Buddhist meditation helps to attain ultimate eternal peace that each of us looks for in life and beyond. Various meditation techniques, such as mindfulness meditation are recommended for practice by several Buddhist texts. For thousand years these meditation techniques got refined and expanded to reach perfection. Concentration, mindfulness and tranquility are developed with meditation.
Buddhist meditation is followed by both Buddhists and non-Buddhists. According to Buddhism philosophy, meditation is the road to attain enlightenment and nirvana.
Non- Buddhists follow the meditation techniques for well being, healthy life and non religious purposes. For various aberrations of human mind, even medical science has adopted to these meditation techniques.
These meditation protocols have been adopted all over the world for well being, health and spiritual reasons. These techniques are free from authoritative rein and due to this they are widely accepted.
According to thervada order there are ninety meditation techniques to develop concentration. Similraly Tibetan order has different methods which increases vionary approach of the mind.
As per Pali Canon School of Buddhism, the eight fold path preached by Buddha leads to the world of meditation which in turn develops the correct view, focus and concentration.
Buddhism has various inferences knows as suttas. One of the famous sutta is Sattipathana sutta. According to this sutta, Buddha has laid out four basic foundations in order to attain mindfulness. The first one is ‘body’ also known as ‘kaya’. Kaya consists o f breath ing, clear comprehending, postures, repulsiveness of body, reflections on material elements; contemplations regarding to the cemetery. The second one is ‘feelings’ also known as ‘vedana’. The third one is ‘mind’ known as ‘citta’. The fourth one is ‘mental contents’ known as ‘dhamma’. Dhamma is further divided into aggregates, hindrances,sense-bases, factors of enlightenment and the noble truths.
Buddha doctrine states that the two qualities of the mind, serenity and insight are attained through meditation. They are known as the ‘swift messengers of nibbana’.
There are forty methods of meditation that Buddha has preached. These methods of meditation develop concentration and consciousness. Buddha also advised to choose the method of meditation as per the requirement of the individual needs and individual mental frame. Guidance is necessary to learn meditation from a knowledgeable person.
Buddhist meditation methods have also included the best practices from other orders like Zongmi typology. Zongmi typology has been framed by the Chinese and others. As per them, all meditation methods look the same externally, but, they differ in motive and purpose internally. The best known technique, mindfulness meditation is a widely practiced type of meditation. The five types of meditative techniques are Ordinary, Outside Way, Small Vehicle, Great Vehicle and Supreme Vehicle.
Kamalashila is the famous teacher of the western Buddhist order. According to him, the five fundamental techniques of meditation are contemplation of impermanence, metta bhavana including all four Brahma-viharas, mindfulness of breathing, six element practice and contemplation of conditionality.
The Buddhist meditation practices are widely varied to suit individual preference and needs. You can choose the practice most relevant to your needs and practice them to attain good health, well being and spirituality.
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You can find more detail as it relates to meditation types and techniques at the site. Everything from meditation for beginners to more advanced techniques are covered.