The A-Z of Meditation

Article by Shovan Adhikary

Why Meditation?

*Tough Mind, Hard Discipline to help us to realise our fullest humanhood.

* Meditational practices developed

– Early in India

– 5th to 12th Century in Syrian &Jordanian deserts

– 10th Century in Japan in medieval European Monasteries

– 18th & 19th Century Poland and Russia.

– Primarily developed by Mystics

– Mysticism is search for and experience of the individual himself and the totality that makes up the universe.

– To transcend the painful and negative aspects of everyday life and live with a serenity, an inner peace, a joy and a capacity to love.

– Mystical training schools

* Zen, Hesychasum, Yoga, Sufi, Christian, Hindu, Jain Mysticism

– Tuning and training the mind as an athlete tunes and train his body is the primary aim of Meditation.

– Greater Efficiency in everyday life

– Comprehension of Another view of reality.

How A Meditation Feels- 15 Minutes ?

* Simply count your breaths 1…2…3…4…

* And start again 1…2…3…4…..

* Mind keeps on thinking rather than simply counting the breaths

* Mind is an unbroken horse that would go any where except where you wanted it to go

– Saint Teresa of Avila

* A ship on which sailors mutinied and locked the captain and the navigator below the cabin.

– Plato

* The wind turns a ship

From its course upon the water

The wandering winds of the senses

Cast man’s mind adrift

And turn his better judgment from its courses

When a man can still his senses

I call him illuminated – Bhagavad Gita

Psychological Effects of Meditation :

1. The attainment of another way of perceiving 2. Relating to reality and a greater efficiency and enthusiasm 1. Bring a strong serenity and inner peace that remain stable even in the face of much adversity. 2. Strengthens the will, purpose, goal oriented behavior, ability to bar distractions and fa cilitate s the personality reorganization, endless growth to real maturity. 3. Increased levels of competence and confidence 4. Deautomatization of perception and behavior.

Types of Meditation :

Four Paths Of Meditation

1. The path through the intellect (Jnana Yoga in East), HASIDISM in Hebrew 2. The path through the emotions (Bhakti Yoga) 3. The route of the body 4. The path of action (Karma Yoga)

The Path Through The Intellect (JNANA YOGA) :

1. Use intellect to go beyond the intellect, the will, direct the thought process to transcend themselves.

* Werner Heisenlury:

The completely unexpected realisation that a consistent persuit of classical physics forces a transformation in the very basis of physics.

2. Student maches an intellectual understanding of the two realities – two ways of perceiving and relating to the world – by a series of training (meditation) deepen the understanding.

3. Same time strengthens his personality structure by discipline.

4. These three parts of the intellectual path combine to force his understanding of the two ways of relating to reality to become a total orgasmic comprehension.

5. In Bhagavad Gita this if first path taught by Krishna to Arjuna.

6. Christian Mysticism – Richard of St.Victor brought the path of intellect.

7. Habad Hasidism – Hebrew tradition HABAD – HOKMA (wisdom); BINAH (intelligence) DAAT (Knowledge).

The Path Through The Emotions (BHAKTI YOGA) :

1. Most widely followed of the mystical paths 2. Christian Monastics spends years practicing his devotions ceaselessly working at his ability to love, to feel, to accept, expand and express his ‘Caritas’; his caring is on this route. 3. So is the student of Bhakti Yoga in the East 4. Sufi Poet Rumi – The astrolabe of mysteries of God is love. 5. Baal Shem Tov ( The founder of Hasidism)

o Insists on importance of love and feeling in approaching one.

6. This path concentrates on meditati ons that loosen the feelings and expand the ability to care and to love. 7. The more free, untroubled and complete human being is, the more he has over come the stunting of his growth due to his cultural training and early experiences, the more he will naturally love and the better he will relate to others. 8. Learning to love self, Others and god and learning to full care for one leads to full caring for all.

The Route Of The Body :

1. Learns to be aware of one’s body and bodily movements and to heighten this awareness through practice until this practice fills the field of consciousness to the exclusion of anything else. 2. Eastern Forms :HATHA YOGA


3. On the complete absorption in one’s bodily integration and bodily movement, the meditator is brought slowly and gradually to doing just one thing at a time. 4. This path integrates the different bodily aspects with each other and with the personality in particular.

The Path Of Action (KARMA YOGA):

1. Consists of learning how to ‘be’ and to perceive and relate to the world during the performance of a particular type skill 2. East

Archery, Flower Arrangement

Aikido and Karate in Zen Tradition

Rug weaving in Sufi tradition

Singing and prayer in Christian Tradition

3. During performance of a specific skill, the long, hard practice disciplines and strengthens the personality. 4. The pure concentration on doing what you are doing and being aware of nothing else – gradually forced in to consciousness.

How Do We Meditate :

1. The meditation of contemplation Advertise on this site Powered By AdBrite

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2. The meditation of breath counting 3. The meditation of the bub ble 4. The meditation of the veda type 5. The mantra meditation 6. The meditation of ‘Who Am I ‘

The Meditation Of Contemplation :

1. ONE POINTING: Eastern Schools to look at something actively, dynamically, alertly but without words. 2. CONTEMPLATION: is a structured meditation of the outer way. Take an object, hold it comfortable eye range and feel free to move closer or farther and just look at it. 3. While looking again and again your will be thinking about something else or translating your perception in to words – so keep coming back to looking. 4. Patanjali, an Eastern sage called this technique ‘Fixed Attention’ and described it as ‘Binding the mind staff to a place”. 5. Zen people call MAYKO the illusions that we project on reality as an aid to escaping from the directions. 6. In the words of Bhagavad Gita – to hold the senses and imagination in check and to keep the mind concentrated upon its object. 7. Objects- flower, paper match, brass knobs, cross, a fire, jewel 8. 10 minute periods for the first 2 weeks on a daily basis, 15029 minutes for 2-3 months.

The Meditation Of Breath Counting :

1. Zen technique – structured meditation of outer way 2. Doing just one thing as complete by and fully as possible 3. Just be fullyaware of counting the exhalations of the breath 4. Thoughts, feelings, impressions, sensory perceptions are a wandering away from instructions 5. Count ‘one’ for the first exhalation, ‘and’ for the next exhalation, ‘two’ for the second exhalation ‘and’ for the next exhalations and so forth 6. Close eyes – 15′ at a time daily for a few weeks 7. To 30 minutes for two months.

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